Get an Instant Quote

What is a T1 Transit Document?

A T1 is a transit document which allows for goods which originated outside the European Union to move freely within the European Union.

The accompanying document ensures that no customs duties or taxes are payable as the shipment moves from one country to the next within the European Union.

Once the shipment arrives at its intended final destination then the relevant customs clearance requirements will take place.

For example…

Goods destined for a European Union destination (Sweden for example) arriving into a UK sea port from outside the European Union (India for example) do not have to be customs cleared and duty paid on arrival at the UK port if a T1 document is in place.

Instead the goods would be customs cleared in the country of destination (Sweden in the above scenario) with any import duties and taxes being paid at the local rates applicable in Sweden rather than the UK.


How does the T1 work?

  • As the principal of a transit movement you must provide a guarantee to ensure payment of the customs duties and other charges if the requirements for a T1 document are not fulfilled. A guarantee usually takes the form of an acceptance by an independent party such as a bank, for liability, jointly and severally with the principal.
  • All T1 declarations must be made electronically, using the New Computerised Transit System (NCTS).
  • Although the NCTS is a largely paperless system, a covering document known as the Transit Accompanying Document (TAD) must accompany the goods during transit and should be presented, together with the goods, at any Office of Transit en route and at the Office of Destination.
  • The TAD bears a unique Movement Reference Number (MRN) generated by the NCTS upon acceptance of the declaration. The MRN appears on the TAD in both a numerical format and as a barcode.
  • Once the goods arrive at the final destination, the community transit process comes to an end and the office of destination will provide the principal with a receipt. Any duties and taxes will become payable at this point.


If you have any other questions about the T1 transit document and the application process or would like us to apply on your behalf, you can get in touch here -



Share with

Industry Specific Guidance and Logistics Advice